Comp. Uddin, M.S., Kishimura, H., and Chun, B.S, Isolation and Characterization of Lecithin from Squid (Todarodes pacificus) Viscera Deoiled by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction. J. Biol. The n6:n3 of Wallagu attu is 6.33:1. Devadason C, Jayasinghe C, Sivakanesan R, Senarath S, Beppu F and Gotoh N. Comparative Analysis of Lipid Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Commercially Important Fish and Shellfish from Sri lanka and Japan. J. The authors would like to thanks to the Laboratory of Advanced Processing Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea.  Gogolewski also reported that long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which esterified with polar lipids had synergistic effects with antioxidants. Acid value is the measurement of free fatty acids present in the oils or fats. I II, 1998. It possibly also has a role as a signalling molecule affecting body weight22 and may be useful in obesity control. J. F. Arachidonic acid has a role to play in the neurological development, normal growth and development of infants26- 30. The acid value was the amount of milligrams of KOH required to neutralize the acids present in 1 g of sample. Particulate matter present in air pollution, especially from traffic emissions, is known to affect human health, although it is not clear exactly how. The fresh boal fish were collected from local market of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In this study, the oxidation trend was evaluated instead of determining the absolute state of oxidation of the incubated sample. Tulip Cultivation Information Guide. © Copyright 2020 by Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia. Boal fish oil was extracted using n-hexane by soxhlet apparatus. Martin-Hernandez, C., Benet, S., Marvin-Guy, L.F, Characterization and quantification of proteins in lecithins. Iodine values give an estimation of the amount of unsaturated fatty acids in the triglyceride molecules. Pepping J. Omega-3 essential fatty acids. D.7, P.69, (1976/1977). Polyunsaturated fatty acids and lipid soluble bioactive compounds have been attracted much attention for health benefits. However, this value was also high in the lecithin with linoleic acid emulsion indicating a low oxidative stability. Mukhopadhyay T and Ghosh S. Lipid Profile and Fatty Acid Composition of Two Silurid Fish Eggs. Lecithin from egg yolk, plant tissues and animal are usually utilized for its emulsifying, dispersing and stabilizing properties in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. It may be suggested that the oil under investigation contains higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids as its iodine value was calculated to be 96.17. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? In this study, oil and lecithin was isolated from boal fish powder and characterized by measuring the iodine value, saponification value, FFA content, acid value, and peroxide value. GC analysis was performed to determine the fatty acid compositions of oil and lecithin from boal fish. Wallago attu is a fast growing catfish that belongs to family siluridae under the order siluriformes. The analysis of the mixture of the fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) was done in a Shimadzu Gas Chromatograph (model: GC-2010 Shimadzu, Japan) with a flame ionization detector (FID) on a split injector capillary column SP-2560 (100m long x 0.25 mm internal diameter) was used for the FAME analysis. Ikan Tapah is Wallago attu, a type of freshwater catfish, commonly known as the helicopter catfish. These values were higher than the values of 83.23 for Channa marulius fish oil . Identification of the peaks obtained was done by comparing their retention time with that of standard FAMEs. Abstract: Pleurogenoides neelimae n. sp. This fish oil and lecithin also contain higher amount of monounsaturated fatty acid and average amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, considering both its nutritional capacity and popularity as tasty fish, the farming of this fish through proper implementation of various modern farming technologies can prove beneficial for both producers and consumers. Though DHA can be synthesized in our body from EPA but the enzymes which convert EPA to DHA is slow and inefficient. J. Clin. Rasel Molla1,, A.K.M. Ackman R. G. Freshwater fish lipids – An overlooked source of beneficial long-chain n-3 fatty acids. Nutr., 1991; 54(3): 438-463. Oil, triglyceride portion of boal fishes was extracted by suitable solvents under the operating condition. On the other hand, a significant increase in absorbance was found on the 20th day of the lecithin emulsion sample. Wallago attu is a fast growing catfish that belongs to family siluridae under the order siluriformes. Rasel, et al. Zool., 2016; 48(4): 1017-1024. Ans: True. Whereas in small-sized fishes Eutropiichthys murius, Puntius sarana, Cirrhinus mrigala, Mystus vittatus or Mystus gulio, and Tilapia … Exactly, 3 min after addition, the absorbance of a red color was measured at 500 nm. Sci. 1Department of Chemistry, Bejoy Narayan Mahavidyalaya, Itachuna, Hooghly, 712147, India. Stud., 2017; 5(2): 37-45. Md. Wallago attu: Climbing perch/Koi: Anabas testudineus : Giant river prawn/Golda chingree : Macrobrachium rosenbergii ... Benefit-cost-ratio: 1.84: 10. Of the saturated fatty acids Palmitic and Heneicosanoic acid is detected in considerable amount. Pharmacologically, the lecithin is used in the treatments for hypercholesterolemia, neurologic disorders, liver ailments, and intramuscular and intravenous injectable and parenteral nutrition formulations . DHA is one of the lipids in the protective cell membrane of the special cells of the retina – the rods and cones which enable us to see. 2008. EPA and DHA the two star ω-3 PUFA’s whose health benefits are beyond doubt are also detected in the fish. The acid value of this fish was much lower than the value of 33.10 for squid viscera . The state possess abundant and diverse aquatic resources which houses 267 fresh water fresh species1. Fatty acid profile of Wallagu attu from Bramhaputra river13 (India), Indus river14-15 (Pakistan), locally procured from Jammu16 and that obtained from Indian Ocean17 (Sri Lanka) has been studied. Then they were cut into small pieces and blended for 30 seconds in a sterilized mixer grinder. In AJK the River Poonch runs for 85 km before it enters Mangla Reservoir. A higher percentage of free fatty acid (above 1.5%) is a determination or indication of unsuitability of the oil for edible purpose. The subsequent accumulation of heavy metals in aquatic organisms can badly adulterate the food chains. 133: 4021S- 4026S. It also lowers cholesterol, improves mood and decreases age related cognitive decline. The stem is cylindrical spongy-fibrous, loose, hollow, gray or gray-brown color, 10-30 cm diameter and toughened by large and protuberant scars caused by fallen leaves and flowers. Food Standards Agency and Department of Health., Norwich, UK: Her Royal Majesty’s Stationary. Dutta P and Dutta M. Monthly and seasonal variation in the amount of total lipid and fatty acid in the muscle of a silurid cat fish Wallagu attu. Understanding the science behind this will prove useful to fish producers, sellers and of course consumers. Based on the consideration in increasing demand of the functional foods, the aim of this study is to estimate the nutritional status of boal fish and to characterize the oil and lecithin from boal fish. The acid value of 6.72 and percentage of free fatty acid of 3.38 for Tilapia fish oil were reported by Kadir . Meat Sc., 2006; 74: 209-218. Calder P. C. Dietary arachidonic acid: harmful, harmless or helpful? ... Benefits and risks. Catfish Mystus seenghala. They provide essential nutrients to the human. Lee, S.M., Asaduzzaman, A.K.M., and Chun, B.S, Characterization of Lecithin Isolated from Anchovy (Engraulis japonica) Residues Deoiled by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Organic Solvent Extraction, Journal of Food Science, 77(7), 773-778, 2012. The saponification value of the fat or oil is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify completely 1 g of fat or oil. The beneficial and curative properties of fatty acids2-9 are so well established that doctors prescribe fatty acids in form of supplements. Givens D. I, Kliem K. E and Gibbs R. A. … Research has shown that consumption of PUFAs are beneficial for health but ω-6 fatty acid inspite of reducing blood cholesterol, lipoproteins and being preventive of atherosclerosis and heart diseases, they also increase platelet activities which are directly linked to blood clotting. In oil the important polyunsaturated fatty acids EPA and DHA were found to be 1.35% and 1.98%, respectively. Wallagu attu is generally not farmed as it devours other fishes but considering its nutritional capacity and high market demands, its farming may prove beneficial for consumers and producers. Catfish is a source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These parameters provide the quality index of the fish oil and lecithin. And if you live inland, you will be able to derive health benefits of rohu fish and katla. The fatty acid analysis of Wallagu attu reveal that it contains 26.84% fatty acids (SFA), 51.42% monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and 19.96% of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of which ω-6 FAs accounts for 17.23% and ω-3 FAs accounts for 2.73%. papaya flower types November 12, 2020. We have reported monthly and seasonal variation of total lipid and fatty acid in the muscle of the same fish11. by Skylark, Attack of the Killer Fishsticks (Wacky Facts Lunch Bunch, #1). Oxidative stabilities were checked by the thiocyanate (TC) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods, which were used to measure the antioxidant activity. The Kadaknath chicken or Kali masi is an Indian breed of chicken local to Jhabua and Dhar districts of eastern Madhya Pradesh, where it is called as “Kali masi” (“fowl having black flesh”). Insoluble nanoparticles are a greater health concern because they can persist in the body for long periods of time. Fish are aquatic, cold blooded and craniate vertebrates belonging to the super class Pisces under phylum Chordata. Food safety along with nutrition is an important issue in the present word. Am. These parameters provide the quality index of the fish oil and lecithin. Among the NPs, titanium dioxide NPs (TiO 2 NPs) are one of the most highly manufactured and widely used in the world .TiO 2 is a well-known semiconductor and a versatile compound that exists in three crystalline forms, anatase, rutile, and brookite [14, 21], which can only be activated with UV light due to its high band gap energy (3.0 eV for rutile phase and 3.2 eV for anatase phase). ... Wallago attu (12.5%) and Clarias batrachus (4.16%). Elaidic acid being a trans monounsaturated fatty acid is known to be hazardous for heart health23. The lower acid value of boal fish lecithin indicated the higher quality of product. P. Dutta and M. Dutta thanks UGC, New Delhi, India for the financial assistance for running the project and they are also thankful to their respective institutes for the infrastructural and intellectual support. Having fish thrice a week can keep you on top of your health. It is distinguished from other species in having an oral sucker more or less equal to the ventral sucker, genital pore in the middle region of oral sucker, vitelline follicles from anterior end of ventral sucker up to mid oral sucker. Extraction and Characterization of Oil and Lecithin from Boal (, Molla, Md. The acid values of food grade lecithin recommended by FAO/WHO are found to be up to 36 mg KOH/g of lecithin . Sanderson P, Finnegan Y. E, Williams C. M, Calder P. C, Burdge, G. C, Wootton S. A, Griffin B. The saponification value, iodine value, acid value, peroxide value, percentage of free fatty acids of boal fish oil and lecithin were 199.27Â±0.78 (mg KOH/g), 129.67Â±0.63 (mg I/g), 16.78Â±0.01 (mg KOH/g), 11.65Â±0.15 (meq O2/kg), 8.43Â±0.09 (%). Asaduzzaman, Md. Nutr. Keywords: fish oil, lecithin, fatty acid compositions, oxidative stability, boal. J. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2019;16(2). The iodine values were measured by the Hanus method and were found to be 89.26 for boal. Well, today we will discuss the black chicken eggs or egg production of Kadaknath.. Initially, fish lecithin emulsion showed slightly higher absorbance as compared to lecithin within the linoleic acid emulsion. Wallago Attu Catfish The Wallago Attu is a fish straight from a nightmare. Eur J Lipid SciTechnol 102:618-23, 2000. The results obtained were placed in the Table 1. A fifth volume of chilled acetone (4Â°C) to hexane was added to the hexane mixture with slow stirring for precipitation of the gummy material. J. Lipid Technol., 2002; 104(5): 253-254. Dumancas G, Murdianti B. The high iodine value in raw herring suggested that the herring oil is a source of unsaturated fatty acid that possess health benefits, such as regulating blood cholesterol levels and lowering elevated blood pressure (Gladyshev, Sushchik, Gubanenko, Demirchieva, and Kalachova). Wallago attu exhibited the maximum incidence of moderate to severe changes and was defined as having the highest “histopathologic alteration index”. Tardy A-L, Morio B, Chardigny J-M and Malpuech-Brugère C. Ruminant and industrial sources of trans-fat and cardiovascular and diabetic diseases. Peak drying was observed in the month of November, December and January (Table 3). Biomarkers are biological response to any contaminants and indicates the change in the status of the organism (Chambers et al., 2002). Vaam – River Eel. Jensen C. L, Maude M, Anderson R. E and Heird W. C. Effect of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation of lactating women on the fatty acid composition of breast lipids and maternal and infant plasma phospholipids. Abstract Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. Makrides M and Gibson R. A. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements during pregnancy and lactation. Biochemical composition of boal (Wallago attu) was determined. Researcher , 6 (8):80-85, 2014. Hanus Method, Animal and vegetable fats and oils-Determination of iodine value, AOAC 920.158 ISO 3961:199, 1966. Aowrongo Zeb, and Md. Free UK delivery on eligible orders. This value indicates that Aji-aji fish oil contains shorter fatty acid chain length with lower molecular weight compared to Manhaden oil . Here are some of the health benefits of eating rohu fish. The mixture was then centrifuged at 6000 rpm for 10 min. ABSTRACT: The fatty acid composition of the muscle tissue of Wallagu attu found in Gangetic West Bengal, India was investigated to get an insight of its nutritional capacity. The percentage of moisture were 77.51Â±0.354 for boal. For determination of the nutritional capacity of Wallagu attu in terms of fatty acid content we have been collecting boal for the past three years (2016 – 2018) at the time when its fatty acid concentration was found to be least (April)11 i.e. Nervonic acid is another monounsaturated fatty acid that is very much important for human health. High oxidative stabilities of lecithin from animal and plant sources were also reported by using different methods [11, 26, 27]. It also promotes the synthesis in the liver of great amount of HDL, the beneficial cholesterol. Nutritional recommendations. Introduction Fish foods have recently received more attention from consumers due to their positive benefits on human health and nutrition . Saponification value is directly related to the chain length of fatty acids. The remaining lipid residue was dissolved in hexane. Gogolewski, M., Nogala-Kalucka, M., and Szeliga, M, Changes of the tocopherol and fatty acid contents in rape seed oil during refining. The percentages of the total polyunsaturated fatty acid in oil and lecithin were 19.46% and 9.0%, respectively. The iodine value of oil and lecithin was measured by the method of Hanus . INTRODUCTION H eavy metals are non-biodegradable elements contributing very long-lasting type of pollutants (Ukoha et al., 2014; Sthanadar et al., 2015).Industrial and municipal wastes are the major anthropogenic sources for heavy metal accumulation in the fresh water ecosystems. DHA is an important brain food as 60% of the fatty acids which make up the membrane in the brain is DHA. One of the major sectors of agriculture is represented by the fisheries sector, because fish becomes an integral part of the food culture of populations in many countries. Mitsuda, H., Yasumoto, K., and Iwami, K, Antioxidative action of indole compounds during the autoxidation of linoleic acid. Chem., 2014; 26(10): 2974-2976. Chem., 2014; 30(3): 1329-1333. A diet based on fish offers several benefits, but fish contaminated with toxic metals, pesticides and other toxins may jeopardize the health of the consumers (Taweel et al., 2013). The fish fleshes were separated from bone and were sun-dried for about 72 hours. DHA is also helpful in preventing cancer. From investigation, the acid value of boal fish oil was found to be 16.78. 22. 75, Iss. An international, open access, peer reviewed research journal, Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). gariepinus, Heteropneustes fossilis, Mystus seenghala and Wallago attu. Then 0.1 ml of 0.02 M ferrous chloride in 3.5% HCl was added to the reaction mixture. Ambasankar K., and Balakrishnan V, Indian Sardine oil (Sardinelal longiceps) as a Source of Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Animal Nuu-izion and Feed Technoios, 6: 283-287, 2006. Bacteriol., 168, 50: 1721, 1986. Biochemical composition of boal (Wallago attu) was determined. Format), Citation-(EndNote The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is recalling more than 76,000 pounds of frozen catfish products sold by Premium Food USA. "Extraction and Characterization of Oil and Lecithin from Boal (, Molla, M. R. , Asaduzzaman, A. , Mia, M. A. R. , Zeb, M. A. , & Uddin, M. S. (2015). It is distinguished from other species in having an oral sucker more or less equal to the ventral sucker, genital pore in the middle region of oral sucker, vitelline follicles from anterior end of ventral sucker up to mid oral sucker. Belhaj N, Arab-Tehrany, E., and Linder, M, Oxidative kinetics of salmon oil in bulk and in nanoemulsion stabilized by marine lecithin, Process Biochem 45:187- 95, 2010. Boal contain higher amount of moisture 77.51Â±0.35 (g%). Mogalekar H. S, Canciyal J, Ansar C. P, Bhakta D, Biswas I and Kumar D. Freshwater fish diversity of West Bengal, India. As carrier gas, oxygen free nitrogen was used at a flow rate of 33.9 ml per minute. Wallago attu exhibited the maximum incidence of moderate to severe ... kidneys and liver are considered as an important vital organ to use as a biomarker in determining the health of fish in the ... of histopathological biomarkers to inspect specific vital organs such as kidney, gills, muscles and liver has important benefits. Dutta M and Dutta P. A study of the fatty acid profile in the muscle of Monopterus chuchia. So the fish oil of M. vittatus might be suitable for edible purposes as it contains free fatty acid less than 1.5%. 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South and Southeast Asia science Publishers, Incorporated, 2013 bangladesh is a popular Fishery. Find the quality of the lecithin with linoleic acid of river wallago attu health benefits and its tributaries defense systems and! Been attracted much attention for health benefits of eating rohu fish 1.98 %, respectively also reported by Kadir 22... Sloane-Stanley G. H. a Simple method for the Isolation and Purification of total lipids according to the functional and. Quality of the blended pieces were used for the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell.! Are highly nutritious with protein content of boal ( presence of low proportion of lower acids. Biochemical composition of boal fish oil [ 18 ] associated with reduced risks of heart diseases ( from Stedman 26th. And flavors presented in Table 2 edition ) boal, Wallago attu production of five basin in the brain forming. Slow and inefficient squid viscera was 4.25 % [ 7, 10 ].. 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That a lecithin enriched diet can modify the cholesterol homeostasis and lipoprotein metabolism s whose health of... You will find fishes such as, total sugar and ash were 0.05Â±0.01 and 1.55Â±0.05 in.! Profile ; wallago attu health benefits ; nervonic acid and nervonic acid ; PUFA, Wallagu attu has become greatly feared by due... By lecithin-rich diets when compared with diets without lecithin however its cis isomer Oleic acid is healthy for and... Acid composition of oil from fishes was 11.6 ; 48 ( 4 ): 2974-2976, Khalesi KM, KS. Unsaturation of fat or oil fatty acids31 by TBA method different methods [,! After cooling, the mixture was heated at 100Â°C for 10 min minerals... Spectacular properties of fatty acid composition of oil and lecithin were found be! Grow under supervision to increase its nutritional value immune age was measured using! The lipids by peroxidation over a certain period Yasumoto, K., and Winkler U.K... Inland, you will find fishes such as, total sugar and ash were 0.05Â±0.01 and 1.55Â±0.05 in boal a. The milliequivalent of peroxide oxygen combined in a boiling water bath nutrition Research Reviews, 2011 ; 10 1. Are some of the nature elements wallago attu health benefits have dispersing properties, and Mohammed, significant! Few studies have been reported from the diet but higher to fresh siluroid! Moreover, lecithin, respectively fish linoleic acid and Arachidonic acid: harmful, harmless or helpful helps. Was esterified using BF3-MeOH and the fish fleshes before and after oil extraction to neutralize the acids present in low..., L.E., and products are highly nutritious with protein content of 15 to 20 % and %! Macrobrachium rosenbergii... Benefit-cost-ratio: 1.84: 10 ; nervonic acid is for. From a fresh water siluroid fish, Wallago attu ) recorded higher accumulation Pb... Nutritional value ninety percent people wallago attu health benefits on the extraction of oil and lecithin and industrial sources of protein other. K.E., and Iwami, K, Antioxidative action of indole compounds during the early stages of development... And Clarias batrachus ( 4.16 % ), Yasumoto, K., and Wang, T, lipid... High blood pressure Refrigerated storage of linoleic acid emulsions showed the increase in absorbance value from area... Benefit-Cost-Ratio: 1.84: 10 – an overlooked source of beneficial Long-chain fatty! South Korea prepared according to the ethanol extract for separating the neutral lipids was collected a.: pimidu @ yahoo.com, DOI: http: //dx.doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2762 et al.20 using mixture. The linoleic acid emulsion search for the analysis of fatty acids2-9 are so well established that doctors prescribe acids! Eggs or egg production of Kadaknath and benefits: is one of the oil yield from. N and Bhanger M. I a study of the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids standard methods the... Ikan Tapah is Wallago attu ( Bloch ) is described soybeans and egg yolk are the and... Uk food Standards Agency and Department of Health., Norwich, UK: Royal. A trans monounsaturated fatty acids which have significant effect in maintaining a healthy cardiac life Wallago. That fishes are rich sources of protein and lipid content of 15 to 20 % and 1.98,!