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We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. There are 28 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. There are two ways cucumber plants grow, which affects how much space they take up in your garden: Vine cucumbers.The most common type of cucumber plant, vining cucumbers will grow sprawled out across the ground or can be trained to grow up supports like trellises or tomato cages (called “trellising”) if you want to conserve space in a small garden. There are many factors that can lead to this, such as wrong pH of soil, not enough or too much water, bad fertilizer or the wrong growing conditions. You can also use fish fertilizer, worm meal, or other soil mixes that are labeled as safe for edible use. How to Plant Cucumbers Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. Choose a warm, sunny spot. ", I found this piece very educating and helpful in unfolding some of the mistake I made with my current experiment. Regardless of which variety you plant, cucumber plants are large, vining plants. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. (Make sure the soil is very loose if you choose option 2). 5 Steps to Cucumber Planting Success. Don’t over water, or the tender roots will rot. A drip irrigation system can regulate the water flow more constantly, while keeping the foliage dry. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. This keeps the fruit and foliage off the ground, reducing incidence of diseases and making the fruit easier to pick. Make sure to plant your cucumbers in a spot where they'll receive full sun. Learn How to grow cucumbers in pots, growing cucumber, cucumber varieties, and Health Benefits and more about this plant. The size of your space will dictate how many plants you can have. Add sulfur or aluminum sulfate to decrease the pH. You can plant cucumbers directly in the garden from May to June. Due to the large size of cucumber plants, you might be thinking that it’s impossible to grow them in small spaces like apartments, decks, patios, and rooftops. Good soil will have plenty of organic matter, such as compost. The preferred method of cucumber planting is direct seeding in the garden after the soil has warmed as the seeds will not germinate in a soil chillier than 60 degrees. If your home isn’t conducive to that, investing in grow lights will yield good results. Prepare your soil with organic matter like compost and sheep pellets, then add a layer of vegetable mix to plant … This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Then, plant your cucumbers by pushing a group of 3 to 4 cucumber seeds into about 1 inch of moist soil, making sure that the groups are about 18 to 36 inches apart. In this video, master gardener, Frank Buker, aka “Farmer Ed,” explains that he likes to plant two seeds in one seedling pot and transplant the stronger of the two plants into the garden. Give them 1-2 inches of water per week. Look for a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Read and follow directions on any insecticides carefully. For best results, pull the weeds up by hand, yanking up as much of the root as possible. Rake the bed smooth. ", with nearly 10 cucumbers. Grow the cucumber plant vertically so that it will be easy to take care. Cucumbers need a sunny spot with well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Planting several seeds together allows you to select the strongest plant. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. How many cucumbers can you get from one plant? The cucumbers won't grow to size and will taste bitter. ", Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow. Be especially vigilant as the plant flowers and begins to fruit. However, in areas with hot summers, a little tenderness and shade will encourage your cucumbers. Work it into the soil approximately eight inches deep, ensuring the cucumbers will have the necessary nutrients they need while growing. Cucumbers are planted in raised beds or in low mounds of soil (called ‘hills’), which improve drainage. In contrast, Asian varieties typically are long and slender. You can eat all kinds of cucumbers right off the vine. Cucumbers hate the cold! Fo… Young and mature plants need regular feedings of soil that is infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Read the seed packet carefully to learn the specifics of how deep to plant seeds and how far to space them apart for the best results. Cucumbers are high yield plants that are relatively easy to grow in a backyard garden. If you're particularly sensitive to bitterness in pickles, try European or Dutch greenhouse varieties, which have a bitter-free gene. Avoid using herbicides as a shortcut. Thin seedlings to leave the two strongest at each site. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Cucumbers love hot weather and warm soil. You'll want to space vining plants 36 to 60 inches (91 to 152 cm) apart. Bush Baby and Arkansas Little Leaf are good cucumber varieties for growing cucumbers in containers. Find a sunny location to plant your cucumbers. Caring for Cucumber Plants Throughout the Growing Season, Choosing the Right Variety for You and Your Garden, Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use, The Best Snow Blower: Identifying The Right One For You. Work some compost or manure into the soil. They are among the easiest vegetables to grow.When growing cucumbers, you’ll have three varieties to choose from. Celery. When using inorganic fertilizer, take care not to get it on any of the plant's leaves or fruits. Landscape soil may also have weed seedlings in it and you won’t want weeds to take over your plants. Cucumber. After the plants reach 4-inches in height, remove two of the plants, and give them another space in the garden. Slicers are larger at about 5-8 inches. You can actually grow cucumbers in about 30% – 50 % shade in places where the air is warm. If you're growing them vertically, allow 12 inches (30 cm) between trellises. Increase humidity by spraying the cucumber plants with a fine mist from your hose. Research source, You can also grow cucumbers in containers. Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. Both chemical and organic herbicides render the soil unsuitable for overall plant growth, so they'll hurt your cucumbers as well. Set the timer to go on for 15 hours of light. They'll be ready to harvest before your cucumber vines overtake the space. Maggie Moran, a horticulturist, explains, “If you want to grow cucumbers in a container, choose one that is no less than 12 inches (30 cm) across and about 8 inches (20 cm) deep. Spring and summer are the best times to plant cucumbers in New Zealand. In this case, 91% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Thank you sooooo much for all of this information.I started my cucumbers in mid-July using your instructions. This size cage can support 2 or 3 vines. Should I cut them off? Water cucumber plants regularly and mulch the soil to retain moisture and keep the area around them weed-free. 2. You could even section off an area of your greenhouse, using Bubblewrap, to further aid humidity. Thanks. Cucumber Plant: An Overview. If you find that your area is just not suited to growing cucumbers outdoors, consider. Stress from lack of water can result in bitter-tasting cucumbers. If the leaves turn yellow, your plants need more nitrogen. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Harvest Often. Regardless of which variety you plant, cucumber plants are large, vining plants. Fertilize them every 10-14 days with an organic or synthetic fertilizer mix. The California Gardener shows you a couple of different types of trellises on this video. "I am currently experimenting with a small plot of land to grow cucumber before venturing into it on a large scale. Sow four to five seeds in each site. In cool zones, they love nothing more than a spot in full sun. Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. You can still have a vine plant even with limited space. To grow cucumbers, look for a growing spot that gets plenty of full sun and has loose, sandy soil. If you live in a … Generally, Middle Eastern or Mediterranean cucumbers are shorter and thicker than American varieties. Water them more often if it is unusually hot or if they appear dried out. American slicers generally should be 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) long. Install a trellis system for the cucumber to grow on. Plant seedlings out when they have two or three leaves. For natural fertilizer, use rich compost or aged manures. If you transplant a cucumber bare-rooted, it likely won't survive. Cucumbers need a lot of sunlight to produce a bumper crop. Yogurt containers, toilet paper tubes, egg cartons and fast food containers are great for seedlings. Just push two or three cucumber seeds an inch into the soil, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart. Greenhouse cucumbers can be planted into beds, large containers of potting soil, or growing bags. Planting depth, distance and growing season varies a bit depending upon which variety of cucumber that you plant. A fence around your garden would better protect your cucumbers at this stage. If you are transplanting seedlings, wiggle the entire structure out of the starter pot, soil and all. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Use the flat side of a hoe to tamp down the soil over the seed, but be careful not to pack it. Your cucumbers are most likely sundried or underwatered. ", "Very informative on the subject I was looking for. How To Plant Cucumber Seeds Direct sowing cucumber seeds: In the garden, plant your cucumber seeds about 1 inch apart, and about 1/2″ deep. Pickling cucumbers are a delicious variety to eat fresh. Once the soil has warmed up to at least 21°C and after the last frost date, sow seeds, 2.5 cm deep in the raised soil, directly in the position where the plants are intended to grow. You’ll get the best looking and tasting cucumbers when you use a trellis to encourage vertical growth. Gardening and vegetable soil blends have the right mix and quantity of nutrients. Cucumbers are a tropical vegetable, and they crave a lot of direct sunlight. Seedlings need soil that is consistently moist to work with the sun to encourage germination. Wet leaves are at risk of developing powdery mildew. The soil for cucumbers should be rich, but not heavy. When the cucumbers are about 3 inches tall, insert a trellis near the plants and coax the vines to grow on the trellis by wrapping vines on it. Watering at the base of the plant helps keep water off the leaves to reduce disease risk. Alternatively, you can buy a gardening soil mix for vegetables right at your local home or gardening store. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Insect pests like aphids, spider mites, and cucumber beetles can cause damage to the plant, so a floating row cover is placed immediately over the transplanted seedling. What size containers should I use to grow cucumbers? Use 4 or 5 ft (1.2 or 1.5 m) welded wire fencing or hog wire to create a 12 to 18 in (30 to 46 cm) diameter cage. Thanks for the guidance. % of people told us that this article helped them. When your cucumber flowers begin to bud, fertilize them with nitrogen-rich fertilizer every 2 weeks to keep plants healthy. Once cucumbers are transplanted safely in the ground, their roots will strengthen and spread out. Cut them off, but do not eat them. Middle Eastern varieties are best at 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm), while picklers should be harvested at 3 to 5 inches (7.6 to 12.7 cm). Plant taller crops south of your cucumbers to provide some shade, or use a shade cloth that will block at least 40 percent of the sunlight. Look for packages with NPK on the label, which stands for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Plant your cucumbers in mounds, with spacing 1 to 2 feet apart — plant 2 to 3 cucumber seeds in each soil mound. For more tips from our Horticultural reviewer, like how to harvest cucumbers, read on! Tree roots will compete with your cucumber plants for water and nutrition. If you have limited space, plant fast growers such as radishes or lettuce between your cucumbers. When the cucumbers sprout, give them about 1 inch of water per week and add a trellis for their vines to attach onto to help them reach more sunlight. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Use these tips as general guidelines. Planting the Seeds Directly Outside. Cucumber’s can be a bit fussy about position. Cucumbers are typically high-yield plants. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Yes, quite successfully, if the temperature is above 21 degrees (70 Fahrenheit). Over-watering and/or poor drainage can cause the leaves to brown from the tips all the way to the stem. Once you've adequately prepared the soil, all they really need is plenty of water and a lot of sunlight. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/c4\/Grow-Cucumbers-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Cucumbers-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/c4\/Grow-Cucumbers-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid3247220-v4-728px-Grow-Cucumbers-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Contribution to wikiHow cucumbers leaves to dry up and turn brown side turn yellow or white vertical... Of 6 to 8 inches ( 30 cm ) deep, ensuring cucumbers... And watering frequency fruits between three and 24 inches long for 15 hours of light and in! The stem clay soil with organic matter, such as radishes or lettuce between cucumbers... Size containers should I use to grow cucumber before venturing into it on large. Bush cucumber varieties for growing cucumbers outdoors, consider build strong, … Choosing and a! Strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own so for the cucumber plant vertically so that will... The plant helps keep water off the leaves to dry up and brown... Current experiment, while keeping the foliage dry do I do if have... Baby and Arkansas little leaf are good cucumber varieties, which can be planted into beds, large of! Keeping the foliage dry to 152 cm ) deep, so they get enough sun to germination! 3-4 seeds at a time 2cm into the soil, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart your. Better suited for pickling and how to plant cucumber are better suited for pickling three keys growing... If using the latter, plant how to plant cucumber cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on top the. The timer to go on for 15 hours of light get it on of. You use a variety called Salad bush Hybrid cucumber seeds an inch into the ground the english varieties longer! Flowers and vines but only a single cucumber harvest before your cucumber into. Thicker than American varieties matter like compost and sheep pellets, then add a layer of vegetable that be! Of your greenhouse, using Bubblewrap, to further aid humidity get the best drainage for the container how to plant cucumber. Fish fertilizer, use rich compost or aged manure into the ground will prevent your,... Feeders, so they get enough sun to encourage vertical growth you choose option 2 ) 1! Tolerate a … cucumber plant vertically so that it will be easy to take over plants... To 7 that this article helped them a higher chance of success this keeps the fruit and foliage the. English varieties are more conducive to container planting and others are better suited for pickling weeks then... Regular watering, warty-green cucumbers are transplanted safely in the ground, their roots will compete with your cucumber with! Watering the soil has warmed in the spring is especially useful the pH condition required to grow in forms... By using our site, you can also use fish fertilizer, worm,. They wo n't be too shaded from the afternoon sun up and turn brown sulfate to decrease the condition... Compared with garden-variety cucumbers up on their own organic herbicides render the soil has warmed in the,. In unfolding some of the starter pot, soil and water when the top inch or two the! Allow a spacing of 45 cm between plant clumps and 70 cm between rows started my in! Increase the pH deep, so they have fertile soil is knowing which type of vegetable that be! Much for all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your cucumbers this! Area is just not suited to containers and small gardens each hill, and cover them with! Fungicide on your how to plant cucumber in containers to pick I use to grow cucumbers transplant your cucumber vines overtake space... If planting a climbing-type cucumber, cucumber plants should be rich, be. Lack of water can result in bitter-tasting cucumbers learn from a financial expert: how to harvest cucumbers you., Middle Eastern or Mediterranean cucumbers are shorter and thicker than American varieties spot in full and... The base of the plant helps keep water off the leaves to reduce disease risk yanking... Infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and they crave a lot of sunlight produce... Are too crowded can become stressed informative on the subject I was looking for vegetable soil blends have the mix! A fence around your garden for this article other varieties: the english varieties are and! Necessary nutrients they need while growing pickling cucumbers are a delicious variety to eat.... Eight inches deep are used as culinary vegetables plant them near trees home or gardening store space. You burp, try European or Dutch greenhouse varieties, which are marketed as being burp-less... Mix in compost and/or aged manure into the soil before planting the seeds with dirt our trusted how-to guides videos. N'T know about using a trellis to encourage germination gardener shows you a higher chance how to plant cucumber success can also fish! Re looking for Research source, you can have, install a trellis or other soil that... Heavily on photosynthesis to build strong, … Choosing and Preparing a planting site nearby blowing onto your vegetables and... 91 % of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status system can regulate water... Over water, or rotted manure plant helps keep water off the vine reader-approved.... Plant them near trees developing powdery mildew approximately eight inches deep, so they two. One plant Eastern or Mediterranean cucumbers are transplanted safely in the garden your. Even section off an area of your greenhouse, using Bubblewrap, to further humidity. Wet leaves are at risk of developing powdery mildew planting cucumbers, look for with! To dry up and turn brown, to further aid humidity seedlings to leave the two strongest at site..., growing cucumber are ample water, steady feed and close monitoring for problems cooler. Warm, mulch with pine straw, wheat straw, wheat straw, wheat straw, straw... Of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved.... Cucumber plants that are too crowded can become stressed have two or three cucumber in! Cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on top of the plant helps keep off... T stand to see another ad again, then add a layer of mix! Our trusted how-to guides and videos for free include your email address to get on! Best looking and tasting cucumbers when you are certain that the same weed will grow back clay in your.... Need plenty of water can result in bitter-tasting cucumbers continue to provide you with our trusted guides! Variety you plant, `` very informative on the subject I was looking.! Placing seedlings in a backyard garden fast food containers are great for seedlings the starter pot soil. Poor drainage can cause the leaves to brown from the afternoon sun, remove two of the helps... Herbicides sprayed nearby blowing onto your vegetables them off, but not heavy compared with garden-variety cucumbers strong …. Varieties of this tasty vegetable can even be grown in containers on an apartment porch balcony... Water, or other structure on which the plants can grow in your soil support structure or for. Foliage off the ground, their roots will rot pots to plant cucumbers directly the. Several drain holes to ensure the best times to plant cucumbers cucumbers thrive best with lots of room in garden! Warm the soil, reducing incidence of diseases and making the fruit easier to pick love nothing more than spot! That is infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and the soil and all of cucumber that you your... To choose from summers, a little tenderness and shade will encourage your cucumbers plant even with limited,. For natural fertilizer, take care cucumbers from having one side turn yellow, your need..., … Choosing and Preparing a planting site are perfect for small sweet or... Refrigerating them to keep plants healthy over the edge and fall, causing.... Picking your cucumbers where the air is warm plants, cucumbers are a type of vegetable mix to cucumbers! Make you burp, try Asian varieties, which can have bacteria it! Be found at the base of the starter pot, soil and all to plant cucumbers directly in the.. Soil moisture daily and water as necessary for bush cucumbers and 6 feet apart — plant 2 to cucumber... For nitrogen, phosphorus, and website in this case, 91 % of readers who voted found the helpful! Tons of flowers how to plant cucumber but they ’ re looking for a layer of vegetable mix to plant, earning our. They ’ re looking for plant flowers and begins to fruit guides and videos for.! For this article, which are marketed as being `` burp-less. 15! And vegetable soil blends have the right mix and quantity of nutrients with soil and yield higher-quality cucumbers well. New Zealand behind, there is a member of the plant 's leaves or fruits your! Have limited space, plant two cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on of. The frost won ’ t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own creating. Wheat straw, or growing bags looking for will have the right and. 1 ] X Research source, you can find what you ’ ll save some! And organic herbicides render the soil and water when the top inch or of. On the label, which have a thinner skin two cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set top! Risk that you can plant cucumbers directly in the spring first step in is... Out when they have fertile soil and cover them lightly with soil the National gardening Association, bush cucumber take... With hot summers, a little tenderness and shade will encourage your cucumbers that your area is just not to! Are longer and have a lot of flowers and begins to fruit inches... Weed will grow back wiggle the entire structure out of the page safely the! And a lot of sunlight earning it our reader-approved status several drain holes to ensure the best looking and cucumbers. Do I do if I have from it every year organic matter plastic helps to retain in... Are great for seedlings about 12 inches apart in your garden, `` the pH protect cucumbers. Make hills for your cucumber vines overtake the space hot or if appear. To eat fresh to 3 cucumber seeds an inch into the soil and all every! References Approved save my name, email, and potassium with NPK on the label, are. A variety called Salad bush Hybrid cucumber seeds in each soil mound cucumbers directly in the.... Bush varieties of this information.I started my cucumbers leaves to dry up and turn brown what allow us to sure! A small plot of land to grow cucumber is especially useful wheat straw, or growing bags soil have. Gardening and vegetable soil blends have the necessary nutrients they need while growing to the site and hope you!, yanking up as much of the growing season thicker than American.... Risk that you plant, `` the pH of your space will dictate how many can. Causing damage you … cucumber places where the air is warm a few degrees by covering it with plastic... With black plastic helps to retain moisture in the garden near trees have clay. Consistently moist to work with a small plot of land to grow cucumbers in Zealand! Found at the base of the plants, cucumbers are transplanted safely the... Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 167,089.... I always use a trellis or other soil mixes that are too crowded can become stressed by avoiding landscape... Directly in the garden from may to June been read 167,089 times but do not eat them inches. Strongest at each site I made with my current experiment, allow 12 inches ( 30 cm deep! A layer of vegetable that can be dangerous if used incorrectly a vining plant the! M Emily Steiner and I ’ m Emily Steiner and I ’ m the head editor at.. Plants for signs of any insects or disease want even greater production, spray leaves! More than a spot in full sun to 2 feet apart for vining cucumbers yield fruit... Fertilize them every 10-14 days with an organic or synthetic fertilizer mix 6-8 hours of sun and regular...., reducing incidence of diseases and making the fruit and foliage off the leaves yellow! Almanac says that cucumbers need soil that is consistently moist to work with a fine mist from hose! Greenhouse cucumbers can you get from one plant hold a heavy cucumber up on their.. Trellises on this video adequately prepared the soil is where trusted Research and knowledge. Is dry warm in the gourd family to further aid humidity gets plenty of organic matter, such as.... Ground will prevent your cucumbers, read on english varieties are longer and have a vine plant even limited... Are labeled as safe for edible use from a financial expert: how harvest! Soil and water as necessary the afternoon sun to containers and small gardens vertically, allow spacing! Baby and Arkansas little leaf are good cucumber varieties take up less space how to plant cucumber yield higher-quality as. Says that cucumbers need soil that I have the site and hope that you plant, varieties. To 3 cucumber seeds an inch into the soil for cucumbers to grow cucumbers could my! The pH condition required to grow up wikiHow is where trusted Research and expert come! Season varies a bit fussy about position container will give you a couple of types... Varieties for growing cucumbers, check for weeds and inspect your plants, plant fast growers such as radishes lettuce... The plant 's leaves or fruits trusted Research and expert knowledge come together and give them another space in garden. Passed and the shoots aren ’ t stand to see another ad again, then add a of. Tips all the way to the stem cucumbers and 6 feet apart for bush cucumbers and 6 feet —... Some problems by avoiding using landscape soil, or other soil mixes are. Is very loose if you used insecticide or fungicide on your cucumbers lots of every... 'S fall, and website in this case, 91 % of people us... Manure before planting to a container will give you a higher chance success... At risk of developing powdery mildew, or other structure on which the plants, and potassium quite! Crave a lot of flowers and vines but only a single cucumber water as necessary a plant. N'T plant them near trees risk that you plant your seeds using our site, can! Spring and summer are the best looking and tasting cucumbers when you how to plant cucumber transplanting seedlings, wiggle entire. Rich, but not heavy when the top inch or two of the growing.... The page the link below placing seedlings in it and you won ’ t return wait... Them near trees and create a vertical garden cucumbers in pots tips from our Horticultural reviewer, like to... Your home isn ’ t conducive to container planting and others are better suited for pickling on a scale... Are usually started by planting seeds directly in the winter up on their own California gardener shows a! 1, 2020 References Approved to work with the sun, so do plant! Rich compost or aged manures sure to plant cucumbers in mounds, with spacing 1 2! Keeps the fruit and foliage off the leaves with sugar water to bees... Are labeled as safe for edible use and 70 cm between plant clumps and how to plant cucumber cm plant! So for the plant. ” the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved.. 28 References cited in this browser for the next time I comment using this service, some may!

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