These are the larger leaves that are green, and with no “sugar.” 3. They will darken and fill out. Following are the ideal environmental conditions and timeline for drying: Day 1 — 3:65 degrees at 55% humidity; Day 4 — 6:70 degrees at 50% humidity Variations of heavy defoliation have been floating around internet growing forums since the days of overgrow.com in the late-’90s, but this particular method and its unique moniker were developed by Joshua Haupt, a Colorado-based cultivation expert who introduced schwazzing in his 2015 book, Three A Light. But, if you ask me, I am very opposed to lolipopping and cutting off any healthy leaf in Flowering. But when they feed their bodies the right nutrition afterward, the muscles repair themselves and become even stronger than they were before. Fan leaves that create shadows over budding sites should be pruned to increase light penetration throughout the canopy, rather than just the tops. Keeping away the critters and the mildews may seem challenging, but putting to use best practices of … One thing to keep in mind is that you should prune in intervals, giving at least a couple weeks between each session. If you cut open the stems of the leaves and leave them on your plant, it creates a vector (or access point) for infections. Experienced growers often choose to trim large fan leaves in the period before harvest to allow closer access to all the side branches and their leaves and buds. Leafing, or strategically choosing fan leaves to remove from your plants, is a selective process. to make for easier trimming. When performed incorrectly, schwazzing and other forms of extreme leaf defoliation can cause significant harm, including complete crop failure. but tahts just me Also, don’t strip a stalk or a branch of all its leaves. You’re looking to remove leaves that are laying on top of each other (which can create wet spots, leading to mold). Leaves at the bottom of the plant that receives little light can be pruned. It might depend on how you decide to hang your bud, but don’t give this step too much thought. Either way will work. water leaves). It’s called the schwazzing technique, and in this article, we’re going to explore this radical process of defoliation during flowering, including its potential benefits and risks. However, if you are interested in giving schwazzing a shot and tend to run the same genetics each cycle, you can test the technique on a few plants to see how your strain reacts before defoliating the rest of your grow. Check Out Our Nutrients Dear Gradatim, Leafing, or strategically choosing fan leaves to remove from your plants, is a selective process. As with other methods of heavy defoliation, the idea behind schwazzing is to increase yield by providing maximum light penetration and reducing or eliminating shade spots, while redirecting the plant’s energy to the top budding sites. 3. Make sure you water your plant immediately after pruning to stimulate growth and reduce shock. Essential carbohydrates are produced in the leaves through photosynthesis. Others claim that the increased air exposure caused by removing fan leaves results in the plants pushing bigger buds to be pollinated, just as they would in the wild. Depending on the conditions of your drying room, you may want to remove the bigger fan leaves (aka defoliating) before harvesting, this is basically the same as wet trimming but the main difference is that it can be done before chopping your plants. When defoliating in the vegetative stage, you should start by taking off troublesome fan leaves (big leaves with many “fingers”). The fan leaves are the large leaves that have five distinct points … This type of defoliation can have other benefits as well, including: Clearly, the schwazzing method has worked well for Haupt, who has said he and his team have surpassed four pounds per light in the years since releasing the book. Fan leaves are vital structures, but too many can be a bad thing. Danny Danko is a writer, photographer and the Senior Cultivation Editor of High Times magazine. Leaves are the site of transpiration, where CO2 is taken in and oxygen and water vapor are released. Most growers will at least remove all or most of the big fan leaves with their fingers before drying, though some growers will hang the whole plant upside down without any type of trim whatsoever. Signs that indicate your autoflowers are ready to be harvested. Replies: 7 Views: 2,190. donkeydicknugs Nov 13, 2011. belsyz April 19, 2017, 5:45pm #2 I do, or at least try to, remove as many fan leaves as possible just before harvest. Schwazzing involves stripping your plants of all fan leaves beneath the top two or three nodes at two key times: Once at the start of the bloom phase, and again at the beginning of the third week of bloom. Then, not unlike the powder that deposits in some grinders, you can harvest these for the 'skuff' you can use use to make hash oil. A lot of growers’ despair at the thought of removing leaves early. Don't remove fan leaves especially during flowering. i remember seeing somewhere or maybe i daydreamed it... that cutting off the fan leaves during the flush is good, it makes sense doesn't it? Definitely trim the fan leaves off your pot plant. Here at Advanced Nutrients, our mission is to help growers just like you get the best possible results in their gardens. by the main stem. Share This Page. The I hang the little leaves that are in with the buds up to dry. Since 1974, High Times Magazine has been the #1 resource for cannabis news, culture, brands and marijuana legalization laws. Growers often trim away such fan leaves in … but I extract the hashoil from them seperatley (stronger hash for my own greedy self ) Every 20 days I strip leaves. He has selected High Times’ annual. You can receive articles like this one directly to your inbox by signing up for our newsletter. Inicio » Tips » Removing Big Leaves from Marijuana Plants. Prune away large leaves that are overshadowing bud sites, as well as dead or dying fan leaves. Where To Buy Our Products Cannabis Harvesting & Processing forum at International Cannagraphic Magazine. In more recent years, growers have devised all sorts of defoliation methods, including lollipopping, topping and fimming. Just start cutting. Remains of The Jay: How Long Does Pot Stay in Your System? You can either cut the entire plant off at the stem or trim off individual branches. Advanced Nutrients © 2020. Is it wise to remove all my fan leaves and shape up my sugar leaves before i cut down my plants? 2. It’s absolutely free. 3) Trim Fan Leaves. Many experienced growers do it, and many do not. You will be amazed at how big the lower bud sites get. The bottom line is, schwazzing is an expert-level technique that should only be attempted by highly experienced growers working under precise, finely tuned conditions. For example, in the early growth stage, you can prune your plants as they start to become bushy. Pruning dead or dying leaves from the bottom of the plant can also help increase development of the upper bud sites and encourage more robust cola growth. If a fan leaf covers a growing tip that you’d like to get more light to, instead of pulling it off, try tucking it underneath another branch. What you will sacrifice most by taking off a fan leaf is the side branch on its root. The truth is that these are all just theories, none of which have been backed by actual scientific research. Instead, pull downwards on the leaf until you feel the base of the leaf’s stem come off of the plant with a satisfying pop. Trimming fan leaves is nothing new to cultivation. Your email address will not be published. Browse Our Products So, in the case of schwazzing, the idea is to cause some level of damage and stress to the plant by removing its leaves, but afterward provide a precise regimen of macro-, micro- and secondary nutrients to replace all the nutrition lost through the heavy defoliation. Growers will need to periodically cut away fan leaves, a process that is known as defoliation. DEFOLIATION: WHEN FAN LEAVES GET THE CHOP. With fewer outer leaves covering the … This is often easiest when the plant is still standing. You probably even have a preferred pruning method that you use to train your plants. Again, this all sounds good in theory. The good news is, there are plenty of more moderate approaches to pruning that the everyday grower can implement without the high risk involved with schwazzing. Strip ALL fan leaves as you head into flowering. If you dry out the leaves, find the ones that still have the trichomes, indicating THC content. Some growers remove many of the smaller leaves at this stage too, but if you are not in a hurry it is beneficial to leave them on throughout cutting and drying. Reducing microclimates that can harbor molds and mildews. Bud sites that are lower down on the plant may be removed so that the plant can focus on the bud sites closer to the top. Yet harvesting too late can cause the trichomes to become extra-brittle when they are dried and cured, making them break off easily. Most indoor growers begin taking off the large fan leaves about a week before actual harvest. Most growers have always pruned their plants to some degree, in order to increase light exposure and airflow to the lower nodes. All content rights reserved. Over the past few years, though, a new method of removing fan leaves has emerged – and it’s been the center of much debate within the grow community. Remove fan leaves. But there are many other factors that must be considered and dialed in precisely in order for the schwazzing process to be successful, including air quality, temperature, humidity, lights, airflow, grow medium and CO2 levels. But what’s the research say about the schwazze – or any method of heavy pruning, for that matter? Some growers suggest that these extreme pruning methods trigger a fight-or-flight defense mechanism in plants, which causes stronger flowering as they try to survive by making themselves undesirable to a perceived attacker. Nutrient Calculator You will most likely only reduce your harvest by doing this, a few weeks before harvest is usually when you stop feeding nutrients and the plant will pull any required nutrients from those fan leaves. Carbohydrates, water and other critical nutrients are stored in the leaves. Leaves are integral to the production and transport of crucial hormones needed for flowering. If your already into flowering dont do it. Your plants’ leaves play a critical role in the health and development of your crops. Trimming after the buds have already dried is known as a “dry trim” since your buds will already be dried before you trim off the sugar leaves. A rule of thumb i have developed by taking a lot of leaves and observing what happens is that dont take off any leaf that doesent have large enough side branch on its root that can grow without the help of that fan leaf. Pluck a few leaves, wait for recovery and then pluck a few more. Harvesting too early will reduce your overall yield and potency, as the last two weeks of harvest are the peak time for cannabinoid production. Trichomes are more malleable at this point, so they are less likely to be knocked off during handling. The book’s title comes from Haupt’s claim that growers who follow the methods outlined within its pages – including schwazzing – can pull yields of three pounds per light. If you do choose to remove a leaf, start with any yellow or damaged ones and work your way up the plant, starting from the bottom where leaves are less important to the overall cause. It needs to be a jeweler’s loupe or something similar. Harvesting at the optimal time is crucial in ensuring you get the largest possible, highest-quality yield. Harvesting Buds Clip the fan leaves. Step one in reaping the rewards of your cannabis plants is knowing when they are ripe and ready for harvest. Wholesale Inquiries And the best part? To be successful, your feminized hemp seeds must be healthy and viable, and the growing medium must be carefully formulated to provide the nutrients and structure necessary for these small seeds to sprout. These methods of removing fan leaves, along with schwazzing, are often referred to as high-stress training, or HST. This is a good idea, especially once these leaves begin paling from green to yellow in color. Sign up today! I sometimes give them a "hair-cut" (trim the very edges of the leaves around the bud) I put them on a paper plate and dry them the same as the fan leaves. 2. Remember, every fan leaf is a factory, taking in light to increase the size of the buds growing above it. Chanting Down Babylon: The CIA & The Death of Bob Marley, House To Vote On Bill Allowing Cannabis Research With State-Licensed Products, Red White & Bloom Launches High Times Branded Cannabis Products In Michigan, The Official High Times Field Guide to Marijuana Strains, Cannabis: A Beginner's Guide to Growing Marijuana. Pruning every day can forsake your plants to a perpetual state of shock that may impede growth rather than encourage it. cut off fan leaves before harvest? Just after harvest, the leaves that need to be trimmed are still full of water (turgid). Here’s what to look for when planning to remove fan leaves during veg: You can remove fan leaves during flowering in much the same way you do during veg. That open stem is a great way for something like PM to get into your plant. No one knows exactly why heavy defoliation during flowering may cause bigger bud growth, and the fact is that these extreme methods can be risky. When possible, try to take leaves lower down on the plant, and in the middle of the plant. Regardless of whether you implement an extreme form of defoliation like schwazzing or a more conservative pruning method, you need to feed your plants the proper nutrition in order to optimize growth. Slowing stretch in some genial pools, which can allow for lower canopies to form – a plus for many growers. Your email address will not be published. You … The potential gain of removing a healthy leaf must be weighed against the potential loss of growth incurred. If you remove the fan leaves and feed nutrients right up to harvest may help but will also increase your curing time. Schwazzing involves stripping your plants of all fan leaves beneath the top two or three nodes at two key times: Once at the start of the bloom phase, and again at the beginning of the third week of bloom. If you’ve been growing therapeutic plants for a while, you’re likely familiar with the multitude of various pruning and defoliation techniques. Lolipopping is cutting off all the leaves near harvest, to as they say, to allow the energy to go to the buds. I pull off all the leaves 3 days before harvest. Removing Big Leaves from Marijuana Plants. Pulling Fan leaves off before harvest. If there is, do not cut that leaf off. The Truth About Removing Fan Leaves Using The Schwazzing Technique. And, just like topping is an amazing method for autoflowers to produce more yields, defoliation is also en … 'Skuff' is the term for when you are starting off with leftover leaves and trimmings. Tips for removing fan leaves: When learning new techniques or working with new genetics, it’s always a good idea to start small and be conservative. Subscribe for exclusive news, deals and more! In the weeks following pruning, you’ll typically notice a burst of growth. The very first step in the hemp growing cycle is the seed planting stage. It takes some practice, but you can coax it without removing it and it will continue to take in light and help the plant grow bigger. The manual removal of fan leaves to control pockets of humidity and prevent fungal infections is just one part of a larger pest management program. Trim large fan leaves. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Grower Support Remove big fan leafs – before starting the harvest process I usually like to remove all the fan leaves so I have a better view and access to all the bud sides and branches. Use a magnifier to look at the trichomes. Before you cut any kolas or branches, remove the larger fan leaves. Fan leaves are a decent source of dietary cannabinoids and can be incorporated into many culinary creations. The schwazzing technique, also called simply “schwazze,” is a rather extreme means of trimming fan leaves during the flowering stage. Once the leaves are gone, air circulation will improve, light will hit the ground and bounce back up again increasing light to lower branches. and to allow them to heal before I chop as u don't want that hay smell. Turgid leaves are firm leaves, which make for easy cutting. Hang to dry. Careers At Advanced Nutrients. Cut off the buds one by one – You should start from the top and work your way downwards chopping down those buds. Believe it or not, trimming should begin several days before harvest, when the larger fan leaves are removed. Required fields are marked *. Grow Hack: How to Use a UV Lamp to Increase THC, Police Raid Club of 'F**K It I Quit' Reporter Turned Pot Activist. Placing plants in darkness before harvest only causes cells to expand and divide. Ensuring your crops receive the full spectrum of macro-, micro- and secondary nutrients is one of the most productive things you can do in the pursuit of large, potent, high-quality yields. Again, the first step is to remove any large fan leaves (a.k.a. Fan leaves that are growing inward toward the plant should be removed. The heavier you prune in a single session, the more stress that plant will undergo. I've seen and done the results myself the stems on plants I've used extended dark on plants and had cracks and splits where the stem had enlarged. While Haupt and other growers have found success using the schwazzing technique of removing fan leaves, it is not recommended for the beginner or amateur grower. Dear Gradatim, Choosing to remove one is a strategic decision with consequences. Advanced Nutrients Homepage Get notified of our the latest cannabis news, exclusive brand deals, events updates and more! donkeydicknugs, Nov 10, 2011, in forum: Growing Marijuana Indoors. With topping, you only cut off the tips whereas defoliation demands that you remove the fan leaves or any leaves obstructing light from reaching the bottom parts of the plant. 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